[{"field_id":"2","field_parentid":"1","field_title":"\u7b56\u5212\u521b\u610f","field_content":"","field_sort":"0","field_typeinfo":"17","field_tonav":"1","field_display":"0","field_title_en":"","field_outside":"","field_bonav":"0","field_cenav":"0","field_openmode":"0","field_pic":"images\/img\/chcy.jpg","field_bgimg":"images\/img\/bottom1.jpg","field_url":"products","field_source":"qb_images"},{"field_id":"3","field_parentid":"1","field_title":"\u7f16\u8f91\u8bbe\u8ba1","field_content":"","field_sort":"10","field_typeinfo":"17","field_tonav":"1","field_display":"0","field_title_en":"","field_outside":"","field_bonav":"0","field_cenav":"0","field_openmode":"0","field_pic":"images\/img\/bjsj.jpg","field_bgimg":"images\/img\/bottom2.jpg","field_url":"products","field_source":"qb_images"},{"field_id":"60","field_parentid":"1","field_title":"\u51fa\u7248\u5370\u52a1","field_content":"","field_sort":"20","field_typeinfo":"17","field_tonav":"1","field_display":"0","field_title_en":"","field_outside":"","field_bonav":"0","field_cenav":"0","field_openmode":"0","field_pic":"images\/img\/cbyw.jpg","field_bgimg":"images\/img\/bottom3.jpg","field_url":"products","field_source":"qb_images"},{"field_id":"18","field_parentid":"1","field_title":"\u6570\u5b57\u8fdc\u8fd1","field_content":"","field_sort":"30","field_typeinfo":"17","field_tonav":"1","field_display":"0","field_title_en":"","field_outside":"","field_bonav":"0","field_cenav":"0","field_openmode":"0","field_pic":"images\/img\/szyj.jpg","field_bgimg":"images\/img\/bottom3.jpg","field_url":"products","field_source":"qb_images"},{"field_id":"62","field_parentid":"1","field_title":"\u6587\u5316\u827a\u672f","field_content":"","field_sort":"40","field_typeinfo":"2","field_tonav":"1","field_display":"0","field_title_en":"","field_outside":"","field_bonav":"0","field_cenav":"0","field_openmode":"0","field_pic":"images\/img\/whys.jpg","field_bgimg":"images\/img\/bottom1.jpg","field_url":"articles","field_source":"qb_news"},{"field_id":"17","field_parentid":"1","field_title":"\u7cbe\u82f1\u56e2\u961f","field_content":"","field_sort":"50","field_typeinfo":"17","field_tonav":"1","field_display":"0","field_title_en":"","field_outside":"","field_bonav":"0","field_cenav":"0","field_openmode":"0","field_pic":"images\/img\/twk.jpg","field_bgimg":"images\/img\/bottom2.jpg","field_url":"products","field_source":"qb_images"},{"field_id":"5","field_parentid":"1","field_title":"\u8fdc\u8fd1\u5168\u666f","field_content":"","field_sort":"60","field_typeinfo":"1","field_tonav":"1","field_display":"0","field_title_en":"","field_outside":"","field_bonav":"0","field_cenav":"0","field_openmode":"0","field_pic":"images\/img\/gyyj.jpg","field_bgimg":"images\/img\/bottom4.jpg","field_url":"about","field_source":"qb_doc"}]
您现在的位置:首页 > 文化艺术 > 远近文化

大蜀道丨“两行古柏植何人”参考答案

作者:文 | 一十一月 图片 | 网络 来源:远近文化 发布时间:2020-07-23

点击收听

两行古柏植何人.mp3来自文化远近00:0007:20

朗读:格岩


剑门路,崎岖凹凸石头路,三万里程十万树。翠云廊,苍烟护,苔滑阴雨湿衣裳,回柯垂叶凉风度。无石不可眠,处处堪留句。龙蛇蜿蜒山缠互,传是昔年李白夫。休称蜀道难,莫错剑门路。



写《翠云廊》一诗时,清朝剑州知州乔钵心里所想通俗点翻译过来,不就是“修剑门路的人真牛批!到翠云廊避暑体验值应该蛮高”吗!?

先说这翠云廊,出剑门沿原川陕公路108国道南行不久就见得,指的是建在剑阁古蜀道上的一段柏树林。

进到深处,每株柏树间隔十步八步距离不等,通常高达二十几米,粗的胸径在2、3米,细的也有1米多,树冠复盖面积有几十平方米。其中不乏树龄超千年的古木。

每一棵柏树都有编号,位置、长势喜人的,甚至有自己的名字,诸如皇柏、阿斗柏、张飞柏等。

至于“两行古柏植何人?”从 “皇”、“阿斗”、“张飞”这些个字眼“冠”了古树名的字眼,就知道里头的故事断是不会少啦。



唐代诗人杜牧在《阿房宫赋》记录了植树的伊始,“蜀山兀,阿房出”。

什么意思呢?意思说,秦始皇要建房了,建多大呢,天下第一大的那种,不大配不上自己建了中国历史上第一个大一统封建王朝的格局,想法有了,原料哪儿来呢,当然是林业资源丰富的巴蜀地区。

四川的树木大直粗,离西安也不算远,所以,秦代建造阿房宫的所有木料几乎全部出自四川。

人都说薅羊毛得逮着这只羊来一点、那只羊来一点才是长久之道,秦始皇小弟领命逮着巴蜀一个地儿挖树运木,修“东西五百步,南北五十丈,上可以坐万人,下可以建五丈旗”的阿房宫,合理砍伐吧,满足不了建前殿耗材,工期内完不了工小命不保划不来,只能滥砍乱伐。

树有树的生长规律,再怎么找补也不能让它三天两头从一棵小苗苗变成顶梁柱。因为滥砍乱伐,蜀国自然灾害频发,民怨载道,有道是“得民心者得天下”,就算当了皇帝那也不敢跟百姓对着干,于是,秦始皇下令说不砍四川的树了,不但不砍了还得种树,至于以后砍不砍得,再说。

一个合格的小弟,自然是老大说啥,说种树就种树——以剑山为中心的方圆百里范围,被划定为种植的重点区域,一棵棵柏树就这样被种起来了。现今翠云廊柏道中凡胸径在2米以上的柏树多为秦代所植。



刘备入川后,延续了秦始皇的做法,继续种树,但种树的原因跟秦始皇不打一处。

刘备是蜀汉政权的大佬,建立蜀汉后,把兄弟张飞提起来当巴西(今阆中)太守,当时军务频繁,必须随时向成都传送塘报羽书。但是从阆中到梓潼一带山势险峻,也不像现代社会这么发达能有个GPS导航,咋整啊,搞点“标志物”呗,这个“标志物”就是柏林。

一切为了兄弟!所以,张飞便令军士“植柏表道”,率领军民你挖坑、他填土地,为这一军事兼民生项目流大汗。

张飞作为一个绿林好汉,做起绿林项目来也是耐心恒久之,在阆中驻守七年,这一项目就坚持了七年。翠云廊也因此成了一处重要的三国遗迹,现及近柏林的一端,还塑有一尊张飞植树的巨型石雕像。


前人栽树,后人护林,这一来,又出了个明代李壁,因为种植、养护树木双修出了名。

一千多年过去了,金山银山不比绿水青山的道理,明政府咋可能不懂嘛。本着“此树不是我载,但是归我管”的严谨态度,明政府出台政令:“官民相禁剪伐”。

这李壁,就是明正德年间剑州的知州,朝廷选的父母官,想成事,那可不得跟着朝廷的中心思想做文章。

据《剑州志》载:“知州李壁,以石砌路,两旁植柏数十万,今昔合抱,如苍龙蜿蜒,夏不见日”。又对所种柏树登记造册,实行包保责任制,相关负责人离任人还得办理交接,向继任者移交种植柏树的名册清单。至今在这翠柏绿烟之中还伫立着一座李壁祠,供后人凭吊。


都说是来四川不能不游蜀道,走蜀道不能不看翠云廊。以剑阁县为中心,东至阆中,西至梓潼,北至昭化的古柏,成长了千年,依旧青春。

©2014-2019 版权所有 四川远近文化有限公司

邮编:610031 电话:028-87704565

邮箱:scyjwh@scyjwh.com