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美术丨画中梅香 墨内风骨

作者:夜话白鹭 来源:远近 发布时间:2019-02-01

                                                                                                                                                    


松、竹经冬不凋

而梅花更是耐寒怒放

因有“岁寒三友”之称

隆冬时节,赏雪中梅

实乃人生之幸

然赏画中之梅,亦当为一乐也

▲ 董寿平 梅

铮铮铁梅

不附庸不跟随

傲然绝世而立

她在严寒之中

又开百花之先、独天下而春

又常被民间作为传春报喜的吉祥象征

▲ 李可染 梅

人们喜欢梅花,自古便盛行与梅有关的诗词与画作。南北朝时已有人画梅花,北宋画梅更成风气。到了元明,画梅者更是不胜枚举,画梅大师王冕便是以画梅而著称于世。

▲ 王冕 梅


王冕号称梅痴,他的水墨梅画一改先人的稀疏冷倚而为繁花密蕊,虽无红粉的花瓣,却能给人以热烈蓬勃向上之感。常言画梅则需有画梅人之品格,称之“梅气骨”。

近代以来,梅花更成为中华傲骨之花,画梅大家众多,风格虽有不同,却饱含一般的挺拔与向上。国画梅花也成了家居装饰中比较常见的题材。


▲ 关山月  墨梅

画家笔下的梅,无拘无束,嫩枝昂首向上,老枝伸向四方,圆浑挺劲,不仅赏心悦目,更有充沛的力量之感,故称梅枝为“铁骨”。


▲ 潘天寿

“弯曲如龙、挺拔似箭、仰似盘弓、垂如钓竿”,这十六字真经,形象而科学的概括了梅枝曲直上下等形态特征和圆浑坚挺的笔墨要求。


▲ 柳亚子


而运笔的轨迹,也只有通过墨色才能体现出来,如一人有骨有肉有血方有生命。

▲ 黄宾虹


画家们用笔为“骨法”,用墨为“血肉。善用笔者,有“骨力”;善用墨者足“气韵”,而笔墨俱佳,便出感人之佳作。


▲ 何香凝


中国人的心目中,梅花已经不是一种普通的花卉,而是一种人格力量的象征,是一种被赋予了崇高的道德情操和深厚的文化内涵的精神偶像,乃成民族魂魄。

在隆冬时节,或品一品山中梅花,或读一读画中傲骨,是对新年吉祥的美好寓意,

也是对那一份崇高信念的扪心自问。



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