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大蜀道丨三国千年后,人间有桃园

作者:文 | 无生 设计 | 木子 图片 | 网络 来源:远近文化 发布时间:2021-01-21


“豪情义气冲云天,歃血为盟桃花园。

肝胆相照两昆仑,此生共赴黄泉间。”

——《三国演义》

在中国,桃园三结义可谓家喻户晓,人人耳熟能详,从南到北,从东至西,仿若只要有人的地方,就有着刘关张三人的义薄云天、英勇善战的故事在流传。千百年来,随着三人渐渐地被推上神坛,各式各样的“三义庙”也就兴盛了起来。在南江县光雾山中,便有一处名为桃园寺的地方与此有关。


桃园寺


众所周知,桃园三结义的地点并不在南江,但不可否认的是,桃园寺的建立与刘关张三人确有渊源。三国之时,由于刘备集团占居巴蜀,再加上米仓道作为出入巴蜀的交通与军事要道之一,其上自是少不了权谋机巧与征战杀伐。无论是刘备派黄权迎战张鲁、张飞大败张郃,还是诸葛亮屯兵演武等等,都与米仓道有着不解之缘。而桃园寺就位于米仓道主线之上,又怎能少了蜀汉大军佩剑持戈的英姿呢?更有相传,刘备曾于桃园寺一带屯兵数月,军纪严明,秋毫无犯,百姓颇感其恩德。



三国虽逝,但桃园寺的人们却未曾忘记那个英雄辈出的时代,也未曾忘却穿梭在山林古道中得那一抹红影,他们口耳相传,代代不变。直至有清一代,或许他们再也无法压抑心中对蜀汉绛衣的思念,便塑了刘关张三人的神像,建了一座桃园寺用以寄托。久而久之,也许桃园寺香火实是旺盛,桃园寺的名头竟渐渐越出了庙宇的围墙,成了一方地域的名号,荡漾在光雾山的山山水水间。


到了抗战时期,桃园寺又一次迎来了红色,也迎来了一位让人铭记于心的英雄。不过与千百年前的那一抹红影不同,这次迎来的是崭新、伟岸的红光,它如同天穹之上的大日,照亮了大地,照亮了桃园寺的未来。



1932年,投身革命的任伟章带着一支拥有200人枪的人民军来到南江桃园寺,并与升钟寺张友民领导的游击队结为同盟,互相支援。在桃园寺,任伟章不但将人民军扩建为近2000人的“川北民众救国义勇军”,并且治军严明,十分关心老百姓的利益。譬如,桃园寺本是背二哥由南江去往陕北的必经之地,但自从军队驻扎之后,这里屋舍不足,使得背二哥们不得不露宿荒郊野外,任伟章得知后便立即下令给予他们住宿方便。此外,任伟章所领导的“川北民军”还大力支持与推动南江县的“抗捐”斗争,捍卫了人民群众的利益。


1933年,红四方面军开到南江之后,任伟章等人便积极与红军取得联系,并得到授旗,改“川北民军”为“红军独立师”。在之后扩大苏区以及反三路围攻的战斗中,任伟章更是坚定革命信念,率领独立师披肝沥胆,作出了重要的贡献。



物换星移,如今的桃园寺没有辜负往昔英雄们的期望,没了枪声炮响,没了贫苦哀愁,整日吞吐着光雾山梦幻的云雾,欣赏着如画的美景,享受着安闲富足的日子,当真成了一方世外“桃源”。若是踏着山中的石阶,沿着米仓古道,来到桃园寺,仍会发现这座“桃源”中的人们一如他们的先祖,并未因时光的流逝而忘却曾经的英雄们,看,那条“红军西路”便是最好的明证!


# 参考资料:

①政协四川省南部县委员会文史资料委员会.南部文史资料 第7辑[M].1996(06):72-73.

②王兰英.任伟章与“川北民军”[J].四川文物,2001(01):56-58.

③四川省南江县地名领导小组编印.四川省南江县地名录[M].南江县地名领导小组,1983:319-320.

④孙启祥著.蜀道三国史研究[M].成都:巴蜀书社,2017(06):280.

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