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话里有画丨西湖常在,而东坡已不在

作者:远近 来源: 发布时间:2021-04-30

瘦鬼说东坡  田牛画东坡

Shougui&Tianniu ON AIR


全国36个西湖,与苏东坡有关的有3个,即杭州西湖、颖州西湖、惠州西湖。


宋朝诗人杨万里曾有诗曰:“三处西湖一色秋,钱塘颍水与罗浮”,说的是杭州、颍州、惠州三大西湖。它们都曾经是苏东坡生活过的地方,即所谓“东坡到处有西湖”。


2021年4月19日下午3点,“远说近画”准时上线,“瘦鬼说东坡 田牛画东坡”直播间再次营业,再次趣说东坡。

受天气影响,原计划在易园直播的行程无奈告吹,为了不让守候直播的粉丝愿望落空,直播团队临时起意室内直播,知名文创人、作家、书法家瘦鬼杨君伟和著名画家田牛代明友再次搭档,力求呈现一场有韵有趣的精彩直播,带领观众一起听故事,长知识,赏国画,品书法。


说到东坡的“西湖情结”,自然不得不提那个“淡妆浓抹总相宜”的杭州西湖。苏东坡第一次来杭州时36岁,第二次到杭州已54岁,前后相差15年,而15年间他经历了人生中的大起大落,尝尽人间疾苦,也因此看透世态炎凉。再见杭州西湖,已是一个湖面野草横生、湖底泥土淤积的水塘子。前后极大的反差,让苏东坡的心里很是难受,他立即手书折子,上奏朝廷,要整治西湖。他一边想尽办法筹钱,一边想着怎么整治西湖,于是提出“把水草淤泥堆积在湖中间,形成贯穿湖面的长堤”,这样既可以解决水草污泥的问题,又可以沟通南北方便行人,这就是家喻户晓的西湖十景中的“苏堤春晓”。


直播现场,瘦鬼以一首《筑堤》写下苏东坡疏浚西湖最为精彩的一笔,田牛则在长堤上,画下了整个苏堤的春天。每当春风吹拂,苏堤上杨柳吐翠,艳桃灼灼,长堤延伸,湖波如镜,桥影照水,鸟语啁啾,近水有船,远山有楼,整个画面似笼罩着一层轻纱般的流岚,故生《苏堤春晓》一画。


之后,苏东坡被调到颍州任知州,虽然待在颍州的时间只有短短半年,但他不仅修整了颍州西湖,还解民食与火,赈济淮浙饥民。


说罢,瘦鬼、田牛两位老师通力合作,挥毫泼墨,一首“太山秋毫两无穷,钜细本出相形中。大千起灭一尘里,未觉杭颍谁雌雄”写尽千山万水;一曲《颖州西湖》道尽“西湖虽小亦西子,萦流作态清而丰”。如画中所见,苏堤横跨整个湖面,玉兰花枝妖娆,荷花才露尖尖角,宛如立身在烟波湖畔的美人粉黛;远处群山环绕,云蒸雾蔚,鸟儿越飞越远,玉兰却越发生长……


接着苏东坡又被贬到广东惠州。在惠州,苏东坡不仅留下“日啖荔枝三百颗,不辞长作岭南人”的名句,而且还在这里为一个湖更了名。就在他游走丰湖时,发现湖面烟波浩渺,湖边山水环秀,仿若杭州西湖,便干脆把丰湖叫作西湖,还写下《江月五首》:“一更山吐月,玉塔卧微澜。正似西湖上,涌金门外看。”从此,惠州再无丰湖,只有西湖。


不同于田牛老师前两幅作品的色彩明丽,《玉塔微澜》描绘的是傍晚时分,苏东坡独坐亭台,眺望远处的玉塔。白玉塔巍峨耸立,双檐叠嶂,尤其在初升的月色照耀下,更显翠绿高雅,塔影倒映在湖面上,隐约可见波光粼粼,水鸟环绕湖空,薄雾飘渺。看着这幅景象,不禁让人好奇苏大才子在遥想什么?而瘦鬼老师的书法似在回应此惑,是因他“日啖荔枝三百颗,不辞长作岭南人。”


西湖在苏东坡的人生中有着不解之缘,他为西湖注入浪漫情怀,西湖也为他送去风情万种。我们未曾见过千年前的西湖,但如今的西湖却为千年前的苏东坡送去温暖。




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