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话里有画丨苏门学士内卷到什么程度?

作者:远近 来源:远近 发布时间:0000-00-00


苏门学士内卷到什么程度?

瘦鬼说东坡 田牛画东坡



“瘦鬼说东坡,田牛画东坡”开播已经快一年了。在这一年里,我们讲了许多东坡有趣有料的故事,比如他求学路上指引方向的恩师、职场生涯中针锋相对的对手、颠沛流离中不离不弃的家人等,都在他人生不同阶段产生了影响。而东坡自己,也一直在影响着别人。最具代表性的就是苏门四学士,我们选取其中三人讲述,这三个人是东坡最得意的门生,而他们三人与苏东坡的故事不尽相同。

知名文创人、作家、书法家瘦鬼杨君伟老师和著名画家田牛代明友老师“东坡的三个得意门生”为题,现场书画,挥毫泼墨,元气淋漓地展现了苏门千古师生情。


风流才子秦观


人们都说他是苏东坡众多学生中最具才华的一位,不少人被他的文笔所打动。他满腹的才情与浪漫的气质,在《别子瞻学士》里深得苏东坡喜爱。为此,东坡还特意请他为自己所建的黄楼写了一篇《黄楼赋》,读后大为惊喜,称赞他有如同屈原、宋玉一般的才华,并邀请他一同于各地游学玩耍。

后来,在老师苏东坡的鼓励下,秦观开始大施拳脚,却两次名落孙山。面对现实的打击,苏东坡写诗勉励他不要气馁。秦观再次重拾信心,终于考取进士,走上了仕途,成为了北宋婉约词派的头号人物。


他死之后,苏东坡情尤难已,深叹:“少游已矣,虽万人何赎!”





历史上,黄庭坚一直和

苏东坡并称为“苏黄”




两人有着诗书相当、道义相激与德才同骈的情谊,可为世之楷模

在还没见到黄庭坚之前,苏东坡在机缘巧合下曾有幸读到黄庭坚的文章,直呼此人文章如精金美玉,已经好久没有看到这样的佳作了,此后一定有所作为。

之后,黄庭坚主动给苏东坡写信,两人开始了频繁地书信交往。据不完全统计,苏、黄唱和之作有百篇之多,且两人志趣相投,大都是围绕友谊和林泉志趣来唱和。

苏东坡因一纸文稿落难乌台之时,其中便有他与黄庭坚的唱和之作。虽然无辜被牵连,但是黄庭坚毫无怨言;即使官微言轻,他仍出头力挺苏东坡。

几年之后,这对飞鸽传书的笔友终于在京师会晤,讲道论艺,切磋诗文,鉴赏书画,大畅平生师友之情,度过了最为快意的一段“苏黄”交流会




张耒是命运和苏东坡

最为相似的学生


他先是得到苏辙的厚爱,因此得以谒见苏东坡,自此便成为苏氏兄弟的门下客。

公元1075年,苏东坡在密州修“超然台”,张耒应约写了《超然台赋》,苏东坡称他“超逸绝尘”,有秀杰之气,“其文汪洋淡泊,有一唱三叹之声”,这便是他们诗文交往的开始。

随后的日子里,张耒清廉为官,但也是颠沛流离。苏东坡被贬后,张耒也一同遭到贬谪,并且贬到了老师苏东坡曾经待过的地方——黄州,同样走上了“一贬再贬”的老路。

在听闻老师卒于常州途中的噩耗时,在颍州任太守的张耒立马举办了隆重的祭奠活动,未想竟触怒了上方,再次被贬到黄州,这是他在短短六七年内第三次被贬到那里。

张耒以“闻道苏轼自负,终生恪守不移”为人生志趣,敢于直面惨淡的人生,所以说在这点上,他和恩师苏东坡最为相似。


由于苏东坡的推誉,苏门学士很快名满天下,他们有的自成一派,有的造诣各异,没有一个等闲之辈。对此,苏东坡骄傲地说道:“皆世未之知,而轼独先知。”这是他对自己学生的肯定,也是他对自己的自信。


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 The End


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